Nowadays, when the USA has faced multiply social and economical problems, the issue of healthcare system reforming seems the most vital. The USA healthcare system has always been famous for the qualitative service and positive patients' outcomes; however, many aspects of contemporary healthcare should be improved. New Healthcare policy should review and improve the issues of the healthcare's expanses and costs, the technological means, the issues of treatment's quality and moral principles.
Cost of the USA Healthcare System
The cost of the USA healthcare system may be called the highest in the industrialized world, but, not the most qualitative. The Americans may get appropriate treatment in case they buy insurance that covers their needs. There are more that 1000 insurance companies, which provide the citizens with medical service. However, it is worth taking into account that the Americans can get the kind and level of service, they paid for. The money, got from the taxpayers are spend on the salaries of the workers, administrative costs and equipment. Undeniably, qualitative medical series is impossible without the latest diagnostic equipment and effective pharmaceutical means. The matter is that these expanses should be attentively controlled. As a result of uneven costs distribution, the equipment is financed better than primary care. Administrative costs of the healthcare system are very high, as well: Administrative overhead is high – 19 to 24 percent of all health care costs, versus 11 percent in Canada. (Cooper Taylor, 1997). Thus, the financing of primary care should be significantly improved, which leads to the increase of quality and efficiency. In addition, the policy of financing should be advanced by effective and well-considered money distribution.
As it was mentioned above, the cost of health insurance is extremely high, therefore, not everybody is able to afford medical service. For instance, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2003, fifteen per cent of the USA population has no insurance, 60 percent of Americans are covered by employer-based health insurance, 26 percent are covered by government-based health insurance. Essentially, the government created many programs that provide different categories of population with health insurance. The problem is that 37 millions of Americans are not are to pay for expensive service. This leads to the review of moral values and principles of the USA healthcare system because the previous statement may be interpreted as a formula: only the Americans, who are able to pay for insurance, have opportunities to get treatment and survive. Hence, contemporary healthcare system demands democratization, which means that every person, independently from financial status, should be provided with efficient and appropriate medical service. This task may be done by creating special social programs, aimed to provide people without insurance with required medical care and lowering the prices for service for some categories of the Americans.
Another problem of the USA healthcare system is increasing costs and lowering quality of outcomes
For example, though the price for insurance is f increasing, the indexes of efficiency, such as the level of infant mortality and lifetime, remain low. According to Umair Haque,In the United States, 6397 years of life are lost per 100,000 males – compared to just 4574 in the United Kingdom, or 4018 in Italy. (2009). These are the signs, which witness the need for motivating the medical workers. Primary care may be improved by encouraging the staff to provide the patients with the best service. The encouragements may include financial bonuses for the workers, who demonstrate proficient and effective work. The entire management and the qualification of the medical workers should be reviewed in order to ensure that the health condition of the patient is controlled by the professionals.
In conclusion, the task of contemporary healthcare system is feasible to implement
The USA population faced many problems, connected with medical service, which may be solved by reviewing the policy of healthcare. The aim may be achieved by re-considering administrative money distribution, cutting expenses for extremely high equipment, ensuring in the staff's competency and creating social programs that provide the population with medical service.
Ed., Cooper L., Tylor, Comparing Health Care Systems, 1997. Retrieved from http://www.context.org/iclib/ic39/cooptalr/
Christ, Advantages Disadvantages of American Health Care, n.d. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_5903455_advantages-disadvantages-american-health-care.html.
U., Haque, How Effective is American Healthcare?, 2009, Retrieved from http://blogs.hbr.org/2009/08/how-effective-is-american-heal/