HIV/AIDS has over the years evolved to be a huge threat to economic growth, stability and global security. With no possible indications of a cure available, the intensive mobilization of each and every section of the society has been forwarded as the only weapon. The United Nations, National governments, the business sector and the civil society have to collaborate and respond to this scourge through innovative comprehensive AIDS treatment and prevention strategies. The business sector particularly, has been an untapped potential partner. It is an evident fact that the sector in general has been reluctant to respond to HIV/AIDS. However, the health sector has not only a responsibility to take relevant action, but also an opportunity to showcase a crucial involvement in the global attempts against the HIV/AIDS epidemic, particularly around their own community set up. This paper has the intention of focusing on the crucial health issues (including HIV and sexually transmitted diseases). As it progressed, it will provide objective criticism on the objectives of the health care initiative with regard to my opinion.
Causes of HIV/AIDS
HIV has been explained as a lentivirus, and just like all other breeds of viruses of this type, it is seen to attack the immune system (in humans). Lentiviruses are in the long run part of a broader group of viruses commonly referred to as retroviruses. The term 'lentivirus' basically means 'slow virus' because they take a considerable amount of time to produce any notable effects in the human body. Also, they have been found to be hosted in a number of various animals, including cattle, sheep, horses and cats. Despite all, the most intriguing lentivirus with reference to the investigation into the initial elements of the pandemic (HIV) was the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) that was found to affect monkeys. It is most likely that the world will never know the first person who was infected with HIV, and exactly how AIDS spread from the same individual. Health scientists investigating the probabilities often end up being much attached to their personal 'pet' ideologies and emphasize that their explanation is the sole true answer. However, the spread of this pandemic could mostly conceivably have been accelerated by a combination of different occasions and events. These include spread through travel, injections, colonial practices, genetic engineering or wars. Ideally, the facts of the 20th Century had undoubtedly acquired a major role to play. Nevertheless, a more pressing trigger for scientists in present day should not be directed on how the AIDS pandemic originated, but based on how those are affected can be treated. Similarly, it should focus on how the extended spread of HIV can be curbed and how the global society can change to see to it that a similar pandemic never happens again. In my opinion, HIV qualifies to be on this list as it has affected many lives in many various ways. A community that has been hit by this epidemic stands to suffer in a number of ways. This community is prone to having its population falling sick more often hence lowering the productivity of the people there. To a great extent those ailing from the disease are not in a capacity of meeting their day to day activities hence increasing the burden on the relevant governments (Ball 2000).
HIV/AIDS is a problem that is affecting the whole world and all nations have adopted strategies of combating the pandemic. There has been an increasing Global Prevalence of AIDS and HIV. The number is evidently staggering. According to the joint United Nations program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in December 2002, it was reported that 42 million persons were living with AIDS, 5 million of them became infected in 2002. The African Americans is the worst affected population, with 29.4 million individuals infected, or 71 percent of the infected society world wide. Without doubt, these figures have by far illustrated the need of every individual and group to step up to the challenge and ably participate in the fight against HIV. I concur with the objectives of health 2020 in laying out the strategies towards the achievement of these goals (Zeeberg 1997).
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
A sexually transmitted disease is also known as a sexually transmitted infection or venereal disease. These diseases just as the name suggests, are passed on through human sexual behavior. Previously, these diseases were not out rightly spoken of, but in the present day it has raised a considerable amount of concern. Public health attendants have been in the front line in the fight against Sexually transmitted diseases. They have been advised to educate the general public on the dangers of suffering in silence for those patients with the diseases. The symptoms of these diseases are not clearly evident because they seek to be restricted around the private parts. The main objective of this health 2020 policy is to avail a framework to adequately address HIV and AIDS in the society we are living in today. Specifically, I support the policy because it aims at setting Minimum Internal Requirements (MIR) necessary in the management HIV/AIDS in the society. It will also help in the establishment of structures and promotion of programs to push through non-stigmatization and non-discrimination of the affected and infected people. The objectives are squarely in line in contributing to global efforts to reducing the spread and facilitation of mitigation against the effects of HIV/AIDS. The objective of ensuring adequate and appropriate allocation of resources to HIV and AIDS initiatives and interventions will help accelerate the fight against sexually transmitted diseases. I consider the issue of
Sexually transmitted diseases a major concern and it needs special focus by the society as a whole. It has many adverse effects that are felt relatively on different weights by the people in a community. This is a form of illness which results to the decline in the health status of the working population which may in the long run paralyze the economic achievements of a region (Brown 1996).. The existence of Sexually transmitted diseases results to the emergence of severe economic consequences because according to statistics, half of all individuals who become infected with Sexually transmitted diseases do so before they attain age twenty-five, consequently, most die before they reach thirty-five years of age, Sexually transmitted diseases are affecting the central part of the society. The potential impacts, especially in undeveloped countries, are de-motivating, both to the economic growth and to social fabric of societies. The estimates by the World Bank indicate that the economic effects of Sexually transmitted diseases may decrease the growth of global income by up to a quarter in societies where prevalence among mature persons is up to 10 percent. The list of these objectives will define a society’s stand on sexually transmitted diseases and sets out guidelines on how such health issues will be managed within the society.
The world populations are a threat of extinction if something is not done about the AIDS pandemic. Statics clearly demonstrate how the African-American population has been adversely affected by the problem. A healthy population can be achieved in the year 2020 if there are effective global policies and structures to combat HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.