A Juvenile is a person who has not yet attained the age of adulthood or mainstream level. In a court of law this age is fixed legally more so for the crimes committed by the minors. To this regard a crime may force a court to rule on it as in the case of an adult though done by a minor due to the weight it carries, a very crucial difference in that if found guilty the minor may spend the teenage years in a prison. Delinquency (Siegel) is a term used to describe the committing of the things viewed as offences by the government. Therefore juvenile delinquency covers all forms of crime from minor ones such as lie to major ones including theft and murder. When a child is involved in crime he is tried in a court separate from the one trying adults. For those who are involved in severe crimes, they are restrained in explicit incarceration centers.
Juvenile delinquency in some cases is seen as a consequence resulting from simulated hostile actions. In this case a child may copy certain aggressive events most probably from watching television and may exert the same into real life scenarios. Human beings inclusive of juveniles are said to be compliant creatures who only infringe the rules and set guidelines when the disconnection amid objectives and means of attaining them is seen to be so huge that the distinct person is of the thought that he or she can no more trail socially certified goal lines through authentic passages. Society therefore is seen to be a major key in the majority of vices being done globally.
A culture that stresses aims over the ways of achieving them, and that limits right to prospects for valid progression, is creating the circumstances for anomie and yet to come law-breaking and in the event that an individual is detached from a condition of frustration then negative attitude is bound to retreat. Adolescents are said to be involved in crime due to situations which cannot be averted, such as children experiencing domestic violence at home. This leads to emotional distress which in effect results to desperation non avoidance of anger, hence the children to commit crime based on what their emotions are. To curb these atrocities parents tend to punish their children in the belief that punishment helps to stop the negative behavior from a child’s system.
A family background of a child is detrimental in determining the social life he leads whether a delinquent or not. Effects of a person’s actions transmit to the worth of life and the financial, common and emotional (Robertson) costs connected with link in the justice structure. A family setup is one of the robust mingling forces in existence. It imparts teachings to children on mechanisms of regulating intolerable conduct, deferral of pleasure and admiration to the privileges of other people. On the contrary, families can lure children into violent, rebellious, and vicious mannerisms. The surrounding within a family is fundamental in determining the kind of social style a child corresponds to and this may help in choosing the peers.
Peer friends who possess a greater ability of forced relational style have a habit of becoming inclined to each other and this affiliation is presumed to heighten the possibility of engaging in criminal behavior. This necessitates the need to understand the way the family members relate to one another, including their flexibility, consistency and fulfillment. Family conducts, predominantly parental checking and correcting, seems to affect connection with divergent peers all through the teenage period. In this case it is advisable for parents to know the whereabouts of their children. For a child raised by a single parent, chances of delinquency are high compared to the one brought up by both parents. Also cases of divorce or separation affect the manner in which a child is raised since there is always an aspect of disillusionment.
Parents should not inhibit characteristics of antisocialism in that they should always accord their children ample time and provide them with guidance on critical and stressing matters. In the society setup today, parents are seen to be too busy with their work such that they clearly forget about their children. Evidently peer friends are vital for a child’s growth even though at times their influence is negative. This then becomes the crucial moment for a parent to test his way of bringing up the child and whether proper mannerisms were inculcated in the child’s behavior. If a child is not monitored, then he may indulge in social vices with nobody to reprimand him. Parents ought to be on the look always for the children’s well-being.
It does not come as a surprise there is no distinct indication of a connection between parent detentions and youthful inconsiderate behavior. Several threats poses child alteration difficulties that are existing in a substantial percentage of families with confined parents, and therefore it is dubious that any feature, including imprisonment, would actually be a cause of the child’s problems. Most remarkably, many families of jailed parents are faced with many challenges such as poverty and recurrent fluctuation of schools and accommodation. These factors are to be adjusted most probably by the child which becomes a problem and this may lead to a child getting into crime. Certain youngsters in families corporeal in tough settings display, struggle while others do not thrive totally.
If a child is compelled to do certain things out of necessity, then it becomes hard to cope in that it might look as a sign of lack of commitment by the parents, who should always devote themselves into making an attempt to provide a good life to them at a valuable cost. The outcome of engaging in juvenile delinquency is the accumulating prevalence of escapees, adolescent perversities, teenage parentage, and a sequence of doomed nuptials and annulments. The approaches and activities of parents contribute to a significant effect as to whether a child is seen to be irredeemable and defiant or obedient and approachable to the learning practice. The rules established by the police and the conceptions in the society can determine the opinion on what delinquency is. Youths nowadays are controlled in a different manner and disjointedly from grownups in virtually every single stage of the felonious integrity structure.
Absenteeism in school is a major factor in determining the rate and level of crime committed by teenagers. When students decide on other undertakings other than school, they possess more free time (Pratt, 2010) with them of which they use to commit offences. Additionally, when these teenagers are absent from school, they miss valuable opportunities to better themselves and instead, limit their options. The law also identifies that many youths cannot be entirely held responsible for their conditions and their resultant activities. For that reason, in certain cases, parents can be held legitimately accountable for the wrongdoings of their children. In the context of crimes committed by the youngsters, it is evident that boys are more involved as compared to girls.
The ratio of boys stealing is higher than that of girls and also illegitimate sex. Girls are rather more involved in sexual attraction and runaways. This is so because unlike mothers, fathers are less involved with peer counseling (Wickliffe) of the male children but a mother would accord a daughter time to educate her on being responsible and the consequences of bad peer influence. Children who are engaged in for instance drugs should be taken to peer counselors for corrective guidance since engaging in drugs is also a crime. This should be taken into consideration as early as the first signs are detected to avoid any future repercussions. Early diagnosis can also be cured by medical practitioners. This reduces the extent of damage to the child.
Parents should also be-ware of the necessities their children would want and avail the necessary funds for that. In the event that they do not get them or they are denied the privileged to enjoy them this may lead to them engaging in social vices and also theft. As such urbanization has led to a great gravity of crimes committed. If fatherly son relationship is not established then the damage can be too huge to be repaired. Failure to constitute certain structures of dealing with problems emanating from the children’s misconduct may deter their progress emotionally. A parent should also be well-equipped with the emotional status of the child.
A child with no parents or anybody to cater for her may indulge in criminal activities so as to earn a living. This may be in form of theft, even though it is crucial, in law it is not justifiable. Recently juvenile crimes have increased globally due to the increasing technological advancement. The internet has made it possible for the youths to view many items which are enticing to the many people who view them. Parents have no control over what their children are into through the internet, which is seen as a major source of social crimes like pornography which has a great influence on their behavior. Children also need to exercise a sense of morality even without influence or being coaxed.
In a nut shell, the nature of crime committed by a juvenile depends on the social life encountered and the ability of the parents to exert the necessary care to their children. If a parent is aware of a crime being committed then it is upon him to correct it bearing in mind that if not the law will automatically take its cause. Parents are mostly held accountable for any wrongdoing by the child since they never monitor their moves and also do not implement the corrective measurable resolutions. For the law to be enforced, crimes should be avoided. The family background and the form of communication should be enhanced for a proper family union and children up bring. This prevents the possibility of any of the children engaging in dangerous and criminal activities.