Culture impacts every aspect of our lives. In an organization, culture refers to the values as well as the norms that prevail in the organization. Every organization has a different culture that guides how the employees behave in the organization. Organization culture is a mind programming that distinguishes an organization from another. It is very important to understand the organization culture so as to understand how it influence the performance of the employees in the organization. This essay will be of significant in understanding how the organization culture influence the organization strategies and even how the employees react. It will also inform the managers on the role of organization culture in promoting performance. The organization culture controls employees and it also bonds them together. This essay will explore how the organization culture influences the employee performance based on the existing academic research on the topic.
According to Oduol (2015, the culture of the organization is a very strong force that has a lot of influence on the organization performance and the implementation of strategies (Oduol 2015). Organization culture has a great influence on how people set goals and how they achieve them. Yilmaz and Ergun (2008) states that organization culture is an important source of competitive advantage since it is embedded in the attitudes and beliefs of individuals. The company values and policies play a significant role in strengthening the culture of an organization. It is an element that unifies the capabilities of an organization (Yilmaz and Ergun 2008). The organization policies enhance a culture that is motivating which is an important element in promoting a working environment that will enable employees to meet the organization expectations. Odul further asserts that a positive organization culture is very important in reinforcing the behaviours that a leader wants and its weakness the values that the leader disapproves. The organization culture fosters commitment to the organization and it also develops shared feelings that help employees to work towards shared goals.
Ahmed and Shafiq (2013), recognizes organization culture as a distinguishing factor between one organization and another. The organization behaviour is rooted from the culture and the values of the organization. Some of the most important elements of culture that influence the performance in an organization is that culture and beliefs determine how the employees will act and even how they will make decisions. Ahmed and Shafiq argue that some organization cultures influence the organization performance to a big extent (Ahmed and Shafiq 2013). They identified the organization culture as the most significant variable that influence organization performance. The decision-making ability of an employee in an organization is deeply rooted on the organization culture.
Awadh and Alahya states that there is a clear link between the organization culture and performance. Culture is a mix of values and beliefs that guide people (Awadh and Alahya 2013). There is a relationship between the organization culture and the management. The organization culture is important in internalizing a joint relationship that leads to effective management. A strong organization culture is an important element in building a competitive advantage.
Chilla et al., argues that whenever there is a mismatch of the organization culture with the employee of expectation on culture there is turnover intent and low job satisfaction. When the employees have adopted the organization culture, they become more efficient and this improves the organization overall performance. Aluko focused on identifying the cultural variables that play a role in organization performance (Aluko 2006). He concluded that the performance of an organization is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, and identified culture as an important factor that influences organization performance. Culture influences performance by setting boundaries on what the employees should do or not do. Korter links a strong corporate culture to long-term economic performance (Korter 2008). He emphasis on how a strong culture leads to goal alignment, control and even employee motivation. Different organization requires different organization cultures.
Mujeeb et al. 2011 emphasis on the role of a strong organization culture on employee performance (Mujeeb et al. 2011). According to the Delinson theory of organization culture, culture comprises of involvement where the employees and the managers are committed in their job and they feel that their activities are aligned with organization objectives. The consistency of the culture and its adaptability are also important aspects that makes a strong organization culture. Another important factor that contributes to a strong corporate culture is the mission of the organization. A strong culture can make an employee to perform brilliantly while a weak culture demotivates employees and lowers their performance. Some of the factors that promote a weak culture include a politicized organization environment, bureaucracy and even resistance to change. A weak organization culture fails to support the objective of the individual employees and this hinders the attainment of the objectives. In addition, Tseng (2009) found that if a culture of adhocracy can be nurtured in an organization, it will be easy to create a learning environment where employees can improve their performance (Tseng 2009).
Every organization has its unique culture. These are the values and beliefs that guide the organization. Same strategies will provide different results in companies in the same industry. The analysis reveals that organization culture is an important aspect that influences the behaviours of the employees in the organization. A positive organization culture promotes motivation, job satisfaction and even improved performance among the employees. However, a weak culture affects the employee performance and it leads to turnover intent. It is important for organizations to cultivate a strong corporate culture as a way of promoting employee performance. There is no specific culture that fits all but it is important to identify a culture that aligns with organization objectives.