Buddhist psychology views the reality mainly as everything that is up to change where it is basically scientific and that various ideas have to be conceptualized (Ganeri 23). The self, being the hardest to understand and the central to religion, is viewed as changing where one is being separated from oneself, fellows and nature, and lives in plenty yet there is no joy whatsoever (Ganeri 87).
Humans have a huge problem concerning Buddhism. Buddhism mainly encourages change in the society (Ganeri 54). Humans find it as a big deal to cope up with this change that is inevitable because it is also dependable on other factors. Therefore, humans should be on the rush to handle this change. For instance, due to in the alterations of the reality, the person is forced inconveniently to change whereby it is hard for people to control it. This process, in turn, makes humans live a joyless life yet there are abundant resources for them.
Buddhism is a religion that concentrates on human suffering
It studies the suffering of oneself and that of other people. Ganeri says, “We live much of our lives in an entangling spider’s web of these desires and aversions” (Ganeri 34). It shows that Buddhism views suffering as part of human lives. Therefore, people should work up and down to solve these problems due to the inevitable change. It makes humans more industrious and gives them less time to rest. This is the reason humans live in no joy yet there are plenty of resources they can use. From the two main perspectives of Buddhahood, which are mindfulness and meditation, a Buddha believes in the spirit of love of one another. Therefore, Buddha takes the pain of one’s partner to be his or her own and has a role to play to study and eliminate the suffering. Buddha also believes that Buddhism is all around the study of suffering. It means that it is mandatory for one to experience loss and pain, and this is what suffering entails. Consequently, Buddhism is a religion of transformation and improvement of the self through use of effort to solve the suffering among humans.
Buddhists believe in the existence of the ego. Ego is a person`s sense of self-importance in the society (Wood & Fairclough 64). Ego in Buddhism is based on various aspects that include desire, anger, possessiveness and the philosophy of life. Desire is the strong feeling that one gets or has when he or she wants or wishes something to happen. Buddhists believe that each action anyone makes is subject to the desire. One`s desire represents the ego. For instance, people define themselves according to their desires that push them to actions. Anger is a strong feeling of displeasure because something has gone in such a way that you have never expected. Anger is triggered by body hormones that may make one act in an unmoral way. However, anger varies from one person to the other. Short-tempered people do not get angry in a faster rate compared to the hot-tempered people. Buddhists believe that the anger defines one’s ego because the importance can also be a factor that can make a person get angry. Possessiveness is how one feels about owning himself or herself. Ego is much based on this as one reacts to the surrounding according to his or her possessiveness. Philosophy of life is how one responds to solving issues that we have on human conditions. This aspect affects one`s ego because if one feels having to solve this issues, he or she will have to do it. But if there is no urge of solving these issues, one will not even attempt doing it.
Noble truths were illustrated by Buddha in his initial message after his revelation
The fact that life is discouraging and painful was the first critical truth that he taught (Wood & Fairclough 89). In this reality, he was striving to illustrate that life has some disappointments that make people frustrated and in the end cause pain to them. The second truth that was taught was that suffering has a background reason or cause. This reason is that people may suffer while struggling to survive or when trying to prove their existence. Buddha taught the other noble reality indicating that suffering has an end. Once one solves the problem at hand, the pain finally ends. The fourth truth that he taught was about the way to end the cause of suffering. Buddha insisted on the use of meditation to find this path.
The fourth noble truths have elements that form it. They include action, understanding, speech and thoughts (Ganeri 91). Action involves taking steps to solve the suffering. Understanding is to visualize the reality of nature. Speech is communicating with relevant parties to solve the suffering. Thoughts make up the meditation process complete whereby one has to think about the pain.
Meditation has the power to transform the ego because when one thinks about an issue and finds out the real cause of the problem, he or she may change his or her attitude to the suffering. When ego is eliminated or transformed, person’s attitude changes and one reasons direct to the point (Wood & Fairclough 98). It helps in quick solving of the problem since less time is wasted. It shows that the ego decelerates the process of solving suffering. Heart Sutra is the pure distillation of wisdom. Heart sutra teaches one to use his or her wisdom in the right way. It helps one to solve a certain problem in the wisest way possible. It helps in quick solving of a problem that may have brought about suffering.
- Ganeri, A. Buddhist. New York: Children's Press, 1997. Print.
- Wood, Jenny, and Chris Fairclough. Buddhist. Franklin Watts, 1988. Print.