Design involves creation of a plan or conviction for the construction of an object or a system. Through design, designers get a chance to communicate effectively, and their work is understood with minimal confusion. Design of systems may be outlined through engineering drawings, architectural blueprints, circuit diagram and sewing patterns, to mention a few. The art of design can be seen in almost all technical activities. In addition, design may be analyzed as a roadmap or a strategic approach for someone to meet a unique expectation. It outlines how certain specifications and processes can be placed within legal, political, social, environmental, safety and economic constraints in achieving a given objective (Margolin).
The main idea behind the art of design is communication. Various animations, images, colors and drawings are used to bring out different themes in the field of design. These themes of communication are providing a strong influence on the people to whom the subject is directed.
Use of designed themes in the field of engineering, architecture and urban planning provides a visual appearance of the intended work, even before the start of the actual work. This is important because any likely mistake can be corrected before the development starts and aid in eliminating losses.
There are various areas with different applications of design art. These areas include painting, architecture, building and construction, sculpture, clothing and furniture. The art of creating a prototype or representation of the desired end product is created by the designers to be used by different users who will be involved in the construction work.
The state of technology is the most dynamic environment. Technology becomes more influential in pushing toward the direction of product design. Consequently, successive design language becomes immensely important. This design involves all steps of the application development, including initial analysis, designing, the actual development, involving coding, testing, implementation and maintenance services of communication technologies, both computer and non-computer based. This system makes use of different mediums, diverse product design and a wide range of development technologies, in order to facilitate efficient product operation and ease of maintenance. All this is aimed at improving the overall product design suitability, ease of the construction process, operation and maintenance.
Design technology is majorly focused on supporting the users, proper maintenance to ensure the technology operates optimally, training, designing, developing engineering tools, and working alongside the information technology to provide the necessary infrastructure, for the effective use of these applications and tools. In the field of building, technology design, for instance, makes use of the various applications, such as, Building Information modeling tools, integrated project delivery software and effectively utilize C.A.D, virtual design and construction.
The technological design leads to the establishment of long-term business relationships that may be based on integrity, honesty, loyalty and trust and build upon a solid foundation of superior engineering services. The service makes use of various design applications, available on the internet at a minimal cost. This enables different organizations to exercise competitive expertise in carrying out design works.
Design technology reduces the communication area, since different designers can communicate their ideas effectively by using the various means of communication available. Designed work offered by a computer system is more appealing, as compared to those from manual design arts. In addition, technology design has added advantage of security and privacy.
The use of technology has enabled the communication of man made to represent something very similar to the actual images. The result of technology design provides more convincing information. The designers using technological know-how are in a position to present to their audience both the complex and simple design works convincingly and wins their audience confidence out of the various projects. Application of technology advancement creates a greater persuasion on the designed art and provides a better understanding to the intended audience.
According to Margolin, art and design are improving with age, especially due to technological growth. For example, people can now label graphics design, architecture, fashions featuring, and products using technology design. Additionally, it is now possible to have fragmented forms and layered design that is ambiguous and more appealing with technology design. Consequently, today designers are able to look with ease at the reception and design use of deconstruction. Consequently, art and design gurus can come up with graphic designs using different styles for yet another period. However, when we consider design graphics developed over time, technology design is yet to be embraced by many in the real world.
This is because the theory of deconstruction that was initiated by the art and design philosophers many years ago is yet to be considered by many designers. Many designers, such as Margolin argue that the deconstruction theory used in art and design cannot be taken as an attitude or style; it is taken as a mode of questioning the current technologies used in a design. Additionally, the design theory is used in formal devices, founding metaphors, and social institutions of design presentation. As a result, it belongs to both design theory and history (Margolin).
It has become increasingly difficult to use academic and visual design in technology design. However, technology design can be described as a design strategy used in critical design styles that can be performed across the art-facts and related practices. This can be done in both contemporary and historical art and design.
Limitation of Technological Design
Technological design faces some challenges that lower its effective application. For instance, technology is believed to be more in the line of science, as compared to the field of art. This hinders the use and application of technology as means of design communication, as it would imply the information been communicated is passive from other sources. In this design, the information is majorly based on the accessibility and appearance of the technological reasoning, rather than in the truth and validity. As a result, this puts a challenge on the design work.
The extent of the technological design is limited only to the areas that can be served by the internet and only among the computer literate persons. This hinders the success of the design since this success is measured by its appealing interest, and values and opinions that the design type has on the users but not on the expertise of the designers.
This is another type of design, where the ones practice it may be as actual artists. The main aim of this design type is to give the product a sense of unique quality that will evoke the desired emotional response from the users of the artwork. The designers subject their senses, and emotions when coming up with the work. Visual design is the most esthetic and subjective design type, but also it is the most recognized one.
The designers have the responsibility of crafting and delivering an ethos of the product after obtaining cues from product and interface designers (Montgomery).
According to Montgomery, the visual designers spend a big share of their development time fine-tuning the interface elements, so that they are both attractive and appropriately toned, as they depict the quality, purpose and value of the product to the users. One of the most outstanding skills of a good visual designer is the ability to make a product pleasing without making it overly conspicuous. Compared to the technological design, visual design gives more persuasion to the users, and it is more valid since the designer can be easily traced for any clarification. In addition, these designers spend most of their time on detail, so as to deliver high resolution images, animations and any other user ready aspects that are easily incorporated into the final product for the purpose of ease or use of the product.
The visual designers incorporate a greater amount of their emotions in their design work. Therefore, it creates the high level of persuasion, compared to technological design. This is through the physical movement and gestures made in representing the use of the object or the lines: colors or the patterns used in the art. The high level of persuasion also results in a greater argument power over the technology design.
The limitation of the validity of the design work from the technological design can be eliminated by having the designers present the product to the users that are achieved through the visual design work.
Some of the limitation associated with visual design is the great amount of time and attention it captures from designers. A design work must meet a high level of representation of the actual product in order to be understood effectively by the users. In conclusion, this design element limits the environmental coverage and offers more persuasive information to the users.