Supervision, Consultation, and Advocacy

Part 1. Clinical Supervision

The main models of clinical supervision are developmental models that involve meeting the clinicians in their professional development and are focused on meeting professional needs of novice to advanced clinicians. Another model of clinical supervision is the psychotherapy model that focuses on the client-clinician interactions and the impacts on the results of the session (Glynn, Drake Hutchison, 2012). The focus of this model is on concepts such as transference and parallel procession in the process of supervision. Another model is the integrative model that engages a range of concepts, theories, and strategies during the process of supervision to indicate a reflective method practiced by clinicians. In this approaches, at least two approaches are used.

There are many benefits of supervision to both the counselor and their clients that were leant during the training process. For instance, it provided the counselor with new ideas about how to improve the quality of care and the work within the environment (Dahir Stone, 2012). It also ensured safety is maintained when people working under a particular person do not cause harm that could result into an impact on the client if the attendant is not supervised. In addition, counselors who received training were provided with the competence to use resources effectively and become motivated to the organizations they are working for as well as their peers.

The ethical significance of clinical supervision is that it ensures the clients who are supervised do not conduct themselves in a manner that could result into harm to the client or perform an activity that results into humiliation of the client. Another ethical significant is that it ensures medical activities are performed according to the guidelines that determine the processes for performing certain tasks.

Part 2. Consultation and Advocacy

Consultation in the field of counseling refers to the process of addressing such areas as assessments and interventions within the individual level, group level or at the organizational level (Marx, Hockberger, Walls Adams, 2010). Advocacy on the other hand refers to the process of acting for a cause or a proposal. It is the process where counselors become agents of change, intervention within the lives of their clients as well as the world around them. The similarity between consultation and advocacy is that they are both used to ensure certain valid principles that are performed by medical professionals in medical practices. The difference is that consultation focuses on establishing whether a particular principle is valid and can be used to accomplish a task in medical practice.

On the other hand, advocacy involves arguing in favor of a particular principle in medical practice with the intention of implementing it in medical practice. Another difference is that consultation involves giving directions on the ways in which a particular task should be performed while advocacy involves demanding that a particular set of rules should be used when performing a task.


In case of consultation in the field of medical practice, my role would involve providing directions on the procedures in which certain activities in clinical practice need to be performed to reach the required outcome (Fulton, Lyon Goudreau, 2010). In advocacy, my role will be to emphasize that certain clinical practice principles are used during performance of some tasks in medical practice.

Some institutional barriers that will prevent the success of my clients include the principles used in a health setting that will be emphasized on by the institution irrespective of new ideas given to the clients. In order to address multicultural issues within the area of practice and address multicultural populations is by advocating for the management of the institution to employ workers from various cultural backgrounds in various positions such as professional positions and also allowing people from multicultural background contribute equally in advocating for changes in the institution.

In conclusion, an example of a consultation service that I would give a child is that he/she should not play with medical equipment such as drugs without the intervention of an adult such as his/her parent or someone with specific training in prescription of drugs.


  1. Dahir, C. A., Stone, C. B. (2012). The transformed school counselor.

  2. Fulton, J. S., Lyon, B. L., Goudreau, K. A. (2010). Foundations of clinical nurse specialist practice. New York: Springer.

  3. Glynn, M., Drake, W. M., Hutchison, R. (2012). Hutchison's clinical methods: An integrated approach to clinical practice. Edinburgh: Elsevier.

  4. Marx, J. A., Hockberger, R. S., Walls, R. M., Adams, J. (2010). Rosen's emergency medicine: Concepts and clinical practice. Philadelphia: Mosby/Elsevier.

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