Mental Illness

Introduction

Three psychological models of mental illness

 A mental illness is a mental or behavioral pattern normally connected with personal suffering or disability that occurs in human beings, and which it is not a part of normal progress or way of life. The reaction and recognition of mental illness situation has changed time to time and from different cultures, and they are other measurement, and categorization of mental illness,  A number of  mental disorders are treated based on the impairment to others, apart from the individual perception of suffering.

Whereas Mental health describes; the intensity of cognitive or emotional health or and need of mental illness.From perspectives of the order of helpful psychology  mental illness can be comprised  persons capability to have life and obtain stability between living activities and efforts to reach psychological elasticity thus Mental illness is the expression of emotions which signifies a thriving adjustment to the diversity of stress.

They are three psychological models they include; behavioral or cognitive, humanistic model, and psychoanalysis perspective.

Cognitive model

This model is based on the assumption that responsive thinking mediates an individual’s expressive state or behavior in reaction to a stimulus. The cognitive model suggests that people can even generate their own problems during explanation. The mediating practice in which a person goes through in deciding how they will deal with stimulus is the key factor in the cognitive model. It’s the way an individual reasons, how they distinguish things and their own individual self-evaluations. The individual’s plan is what decides their reaction.

Therefore, cognitive psychoanalyst would look at therapeutic to their patient through learning exercises. They must develop into awareness of their thoughts, be aware of how stimuli generate responses, and look at the logic behind their usual thoughts and also  learn how to  recognize and adjust the attitude that incline them to alter their experiences (Nemeroff 2002).

Biological model

Also known as medical abnormality is when an individual is born with any of reference to their brain or even heredity. The genetic reason would imply that the individual’s mental disorder is a cause of genetic malfunctioning. They see that ecological factors have little significance when looking at the biological approach. Reasons for abnormal behavior could differ from possible hereditary disposition or an imbalance in the brain chemistry. The treatments of biological model for abnormal situation are drugs and somatic. (Walsh, 2000)

However we must look at the individual intelligence and also at the heredity. Because the brain reins all aspects of individual functioning, it is not hard to conclude that harm or disturbance of normal understanding of task and action can lead to apparent mental disorders. Hereditarily, to show a specific situation is innate, researchers show that it s not be caused by environmental factors. To provide evidence for mental behavior being innate through genes, mostly we give examples of twins.

Humanistic psychology model

It instead focused on each person’s capability and stressed the magnitude of expansion and self-actualization. The essential idea of humanistic psychology was those individuals who are innately good, with mental and social problems resulting from moving away and starting this on a normal tendency. In 1962, Abraham Maslow, described humanistic psychology a third force in psychology. The major and next forces were behaviorism and psychoanalysis respectively.

In the three models no discuss clearly the situation of the mental illness they just emphasize on the cause and the course of impairment. In behavioral they focus on the significance of learning and differentiate normal and abnormal behaviors and points out that mental illness are related to maladaptive behaviors’. Cognitive model highlights that the mental illness is influenced by an individual thinking and lastly, humanistic model view that the individual are innately good. (Nitz, 1997)

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