Criminal justice and Ethics, has a lot to do with moral philosophy which is concerned with the studying and explaining questions of right and wrong. It is therefore providing guidance as to how mankind and the entire creation ought to live and associate. Ethics in criminal justice policy is concerned with making judgments that are morally upright about what is right or wrong, as well as what is good or bad as far as the law is concerned. Actions as well as decisions that are right or wrong, good or bad are moral judgments or qualities are usually derived from conduct. Justice and ethics involves within themselves the study of reasoning, structure of logic as well as the language used in the interpretation and explanation of ethical terms in professions such as law. Ethics in criminal justice provides a better way in making moral choices when there is uncertainty about what to do in situations concerning moral issues. In day to day life, ethics in criminal justice are desirable, not only because they express absolute truth, but also because they provide guides for normal circumstances and the guides are reliable.
Capital punishment justice policy
The capital punishment justice policy has been a topic that has been acrimoniously debated for a long period of time. This has been exhibited especially on women, the youth, the minority, and also the mentally challenged as suggested by (Burns, 2009). It further argues that, even though they may have committed the criminal offences that warrant capital punishment or something equivalent to that, they are still entitled to their constitutional human rights just like any other human being. In view of the policy, capital punishment is just but inherently cruel and barbaric and, there such an execution is morally unacceptable and also impermissible. The capital punishment justice policy is mostly concerned with explaining questions of the circumstances surrounding or the events leading to the crime committed, the nature of the parties involved as well as the rights they are entitled to as accorded by (Williams, 2000). The capital punishment justice policy basically puts a lot of emphasis on making judgments that are morally upright about what is right or wrong as well as what is good or bad as far as the law is concerned. Actions as well as decisions that are right or wrong, good or bad are moral judgments or qualities are usually derived from conduct. Justice a involves within itself the reasoning, structure of logic as well as the language used in the interpretation and explanation of the appropriate and just term of punishment be it capital punishment.
The justice policy on capital punishment, however favorable to some especially the minority as well s the marginalized, still is in violation of amendments to the capital punishment bill (Peters & Jon, 2006). That is the law should not in any way appear to favor any persons given their status or even the events which led to the crime committed under any given circumstances. The justice in capital punishment provides a better way in making moral choices when there is uncertainty about what to do in situations concerning moral issues. In day to day life, policies in criminal justice are desirable, not only because they express absolute truth, but also because they provide guides for normal circumstances and the guides are reliable.
It is strongly believed that capital punishment is most likely to have a substantial considerable discouraging effect in preventing more murders for each execution. This is something that greatly decomposes moral objections to the capital punishment, since it is of the view that refusals to bring to effect that capital punishment is like a way of condemning so many innocent people to death. According to (Williams, 2000), capital punishment therefore presents a life to life balance or compromise, as well as a serious commitment to the sacredness of life of mankind may well arose strong interest, rather than prevent, such a way of punishment. Objections to the death penalty with moral considerations more often than not are dependent on distinguishing between omissions as well as acts. However, such a distinction is misguiding and misplaced in this context, since governments are a special type of moral agent. The problems that are popular with capital punishment include; irreversibility, arbitrariness, as well as racial skew. It is challenging and even confusing to take sides concerning the whole issue of capital punishment since the world of homicide is suffering from similar problems in a way that is even more acute (Peters & Jon, 2006). The widely spread failure to realize and acknowledge the life to life tradeoffs that take place in capital punishment may be dependent on cognitive procedures that do not treat a number of lives with the seriousness as well as value that they deserve.
Different Views on Criminal Justice Policy and Capital Punishment
The policy of justice on capital punishment has caused many people to believe capital punishment or death penalty is morally wrong and unacceptable. According to the view of many people such as (Burns, 2009), executions are usually inherently cruel and also barbaric. Often the argument is that, capital punishment cannot be imposed in a way that is in accordance to the rule of law. They maintain capital punishment as it is administered; it brings about the execution of people who are sometimes innocent which reflects arbitrariness in the form of random infliction of the ultimate death penalty.
In accordance with the law in Texas (Peters & Jon, 2006), crimes which constitute capital murder include the following : murdering an officer of public safety or firefighter; murder resulting from kidnapping, robbery, burglary, serious sexual assault; murder resulting from employment of another to commit the murder; murder committed in the event of escape from a prison; arson attack; murder of a correctional employee; murder committed by a prison inmate who is belonging to the state and who is serving a life sentence for any of the offenses which include; (capital murder, murder, serious or worse kidnapping, serious sexual assault, or serious robbery with violence); multiple murders as well as murder of an individual who is below six years of age.
Another view is that there is need for a system of principles and rules to help in guiding us when it comes to making decisions that are difficult as far as moral issues are and, whenever they arise. Capital justice policy is important in that considerations that are central to decisions which involve force, discretion as well as due process prompts people to make judgments that are morally enlightened (Williams, 2000). Also, the knowledge of policies such as capital punishment justice policy enables a person to be able to question, evaluate and analyze the assumptions that are not normally questioned in areas such as politics and business. The questioning of the criminal justice set up as well as procedures is also encouraged. This involves raising questions and issues concerning topics such as the relationship between crime and justice, the part played by punishment, the extent of punishment, the authority and power of the state, the proper role of the prisons, equality in the work place as well as fairness in giving opportunities.
Such a criminal justice policy poses implications which have always continued to present heated debate in social, political as well as spiritual circles worldwide. Some people strongly believe that in a democratic republic which is free, capital punishment as a form of punishment is cruel and in violation of human rights and are therefore unacceptable and unnecessary. However, others feel that capital punishment fulfils the primary role of deterring crime as well as appropriately punishing offenders in the society who are most violent (Pritchard & Michael, 2008). The criminal justice policy on capital punishment would then imply the continuation of conflicting and contradictory views as well as opinions emerging from extreme social and spiritual beliefs.
I am in favor of the capital justice policy, this attests from empirical evidence and facts, since the year 1973, a total of 108 people from 25 states have been removed from the row of death with evidence of their innocence. The capital punishment because more often than not people who are innocent end up being prosecuted and given a death penalty may be due inefficiency in the judicial system in some nations (Williams, 2000). For instance, couent ends up in the execution of a number of persons of color as well as low income defendants. For that reason if the capital punishment is not applied fairly then it should be abolished. Evidence courtesy of DNA test has revealed that many innocent people are actually on death row and to make it even worse is an estimation of as many as 25people who have wrongfully or unfairly been executed during this century in the US alone yet this is something that is irreversible (Pritchard & Michael, 2008).
There exists no evidence that capital punishment has been effective or successful when it comes to deterring criminals. Abolishing capital punishment across the US would act in a way to harmonize the entire criminal justice system in the states. This would cut the cost resulting from the lengthy appeal processes which are involved in order to sentence one to death. However despite that, public opinion in the United States appear to be having an overwhelming support of the capital punishment and the supreme court has maintained that capital punishment is supposed to remain ton be and considered as nothing but a constitutional punishment.