Writing a Research Paper

On this page, you will find the best recommendations for writing a perfect research paper. You will see a sequence of actions you should follow to produce an outstanding paper. However, do not expect this process to be easy and smooth. Most likely, you will have to repeat some actions more than once.

  1. Selecting a suitable topic for the research paper
  2. Retrieving the most credible evidence to support the thesis
  3. Organizing and systematizing available literature
  4. Developing a research paper outline
  5. Developing an introduction
  6. Creating the body of the research paper
  7. Developing a conclusion
  8. Refining, editing, and proofreading the paper

Selecting a Suitable Topic for the Research Paper

  • Find a topic that fascinates you
  • See if you can explain your selection of the topic
  • Discuss your topics with your professor and hear what he or she has to say
  • Ask a research question and make it your topic

Retrieving the Most Credible Evidence to Support the Thesis

Consider the following sources:

  • Online databases of scholarly resources
  • Primary and secondary publications
  • Peer-reviewed journal articles and scholarly books
  • library catalog, periodical indexes, bibliographies, suggestions from your instructor

Organizing and Systematizing Available Literature

Use the following principles to organize your evidence:

  • Bibliography cards have proved to be particularly relevant in research and writing
  • Prioritize among different resources by their relative importance
  • Make notes

Developing a Research Paper Outline

Answer the following questions:

  • How significant is your topic?
  • Why did you choose it?
  • What is your thesis statement?
  • What evidence can you use to support it?
  • How should you plan your paper to make it interesting?

Developing an Introduction

Include the following things in your introductory paragraph:

  • Background of the problem
  • Context of the problem
  • Definition of terms, if needed
  • Purpose and focus of the paper
  • Elements of the paper

Crafting the Body of the Research Paper

  • Follow the outline
  • Don't forget about the thesis statement
  • Use the thesis statement as a compilation of points and transform them into topic sentences at the beginning of each new paragraph
  • Write your paper smoothly, as a discussion
  • Don't simply rewrite original sources; integrate and critique them
  • Try to move either from abstraction to generalization or vice versa

Developing a Conclusion

  • Wrap up the main argument. If it is too complicated, try to provide additional explanations.
  • Provide additional clarifications to the terms or confusing definitions that might have appeared in the body of your work
  • Generalize your findings and include some implications for future research and analysis
  • Provide recommendations for future research

Refining, Editing, and Proofreading the Paper

  • Revisit the organization of your paper: it must be arranged logically, from the introduction, through the body of the paper, to the conclusion.
  • Check paragraph structure: each paragraph must begin with a topic sentence, followed by an analysis of evidence, and a transition that links the paragraph to the next ones in the body of the paper
  • Sentence level: each sentence must be properly constructed and grammatically correct
  • Documentation: the paper must be formatted according to the citation and referencing style requested by the professor. You must follow the same style throughout the entire work.

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