Women and Sport

Questions to Answer

Question 1

The first thing she is remembered for is launching a case court against a white man for illegally enslaving her son, and she became the first black woman to win such a case. Secondly, her famous speech, “Ain’t I a Woman?” that she delivered at the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention. Lastly, she is remembered for her struggle to seek for equality for women and to reprimand the abolitionist movement for not fighting for the civil rights of black women as much as that of men (Biography, na). She can be compared to Tawakkol Karman, who is the second youngest and second Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, and a great human rights activist in Yemen and leader of “Women Journalists without Chains.”

Question 2

Stanton believed that working with Anthony was strenuous at times, and referred to it as, “being thorns in the side of each other”. However, she felt that their friendship and cooperation would endure forever (Clift, 2003). Stanton strength was her challenging personality that made her agitate for women reforms in areas that had previously been neglected such as marriage and divorce reforms. Anthony’s strength was her calm demeanor and her ability to balance her womanhood duties to her family with her public activism (Harper, na). Stanton later diverged from mainstream religion and opposed activities by Christian political activists and went ahead to publish the Woman’s Bible and this angered other suffragettes (Clift, 2003).

Question 3

Anna Howard Shaw preached and delivered the eulogy at Anthony’s funeral. She stated that Anthony’s work would remain unfinished if, “there remains a wrong to be righted, or a fettered life to be freed in all the earth.” (Clift, 2003)

Question 4

Alice Paul was the leader of the first suffrage parade in New York. She was a member of the National American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Due to the difference in political strategies with the president of NAWSA, she later left the association to create the National Woman’s Party (Alice Paul Institute, na). Some women viewed the parade as negative and choose not to participate. However, the aftermath of the parades had positive results for the suffrage movement, by showing the discrimination against women by both men and the police.

Question 5

The first reason was the claim that allowing women to vote would have no contribution in helping to solve the problems faced by women and the society (Fugate, na). Secondly, they believed that a true woman should exhibit submissiveness, domesticity, purity and piety, qualities that most of the women in the suffrage movement were missing (Fugate, na). Lastly, they believed that men should handle the public sphere while women handle the domestic sphere, taking care of children and their homes (Fugate, na).These reasons resonate well with today’s attacks on the rights possessed by women. In some regions in the Middle East women are denied the right to work, since their primary duty is to take care of their families, and they are also expected to accept physical abuse from men since they should exhibit submissiveness.

Question 6

The first thing she did was preparing and organizing suffrage parades that attracted a huge number of participants as well as the attention of the media. Later she arranged for picketing which happened outside the White House in a bid to attract the president attention to their demands. When the picketing failed, and Alice and some other members of the Suffrage movement were thrown into prison, they went on hunger strikes, meant at demanding the rights of political prisoners (Alice Paul Institute, na). Their mistreatment in prison led to more intensified pickets that ultimately led to the passing of the 19th amendment.

Question 7

After voting for the 19th amendment, Burn had to hide as aggravated members of the anti-suffrage movement sought to attack him for his last-minute defection (Hiers, na). In the long term, he still faced harassment due to his vote and even had his re-election campaign disrupted. However, he still managed to be re-elected for his second term. His mother’s last word, urged him to vote for suffrage, as she had noticed the bitterness in Chandlers’ speech. She also tells him, “Don’t forget to be a good boy…. Ha! No more from mama this time. With lots of love, Mama.” (Hiers, na).

Question 8

The women that were to be admitted to Vassar were there to be taught on the domestic economy that would prepare them to become skillful and perfect housekeepers. Additionally, some science courses and liberal arts would also be studied (Bronski, 2011).  The major cause for supporting women would be the fact that women possess the same ability as men, and therefore men should not be given any undue preferences over women. Abundant opportunities are available today for women including the right to vote, the right to stand for elective posts, the rights to dressing, and virtually equality in all the rights available for both men and women.

Question 9

After conquering the English Channel, she got to tour with a vaudeville act where she earned between $2,000 and $3,000 a week. She was also sought out by a manufacturer of women dresses where she became an advisor on dresses meant for large women (Severo, 2003). She later worked at La Guardia Airport, checking flight instrument for the airline that was her employee. Lastly, she was a swimming teacher at Lexington School for the Deaf that was based in New York (Severo, 2003). Ederle became a celebrity based on the fact that she set a record for swimming across the English Channel, as well as being the first woman to complete the fete.

Question 10

The sentinel protests were viewed by some as a support of United States enemy efforts during the war while undermining the efforts of the U.S. government and president in the war. The imprisonment of the Sentinels had a huge impact on the passage of the 19th amendment. The imprisonment and harassment of Alice Paul and other members, led to more picketing and protests, which forced the government to pay attention to the demands of the suffrage movements, consequently leading to the passage of the 19th amendment (Clift, 2003).