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Biological and Humanistic Approaches: in Personality Development


Biological and humanistic styles are among the approaches that are frequently used in the description of the approaches towards the development of personality. According to the theories in the process of biological development, various processes have been used in an attempt to fill the gap that is between the genes of a person and the personality they will end up developing. Under this there is the anatomical approach that explains the functions and structures of the brain and biochemical that attributes all this to the neurotransmitters and hormones. Besides that, there is Abraham Maslow who has a different theory when it pertains to personality. According to this theory personality of a person will be developed due to the various experiences and realities that they encounter in life (Vigil, 2002).

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs

Maslow had a belief in the hierarchy of human needs. In order to the proper definition of the human needs  an individual has to start in defining the needs by completing one group of needs before proceeding to the next group. Hence Maslow came up with a pyramid in which the needs were classified. At the lowest point of the scale were those needs that are basic and as they progress it gets more complicated to the most complex of needs at the top of the pyramid. At the bottom are the basic needs that include food, water, sleep and warmth. The next level is that where a person has to be given the provision of being safe and secure in the pyramid. The nest level of needs in the pyramid involves those dealing with issues that relate to the psychological and social aspect of it.  This is followed by a level in the pyramid when one needs to satisfy the need for intimacy, love and friendship; this is especially very important as all people do require feeling of love. The top most part of the pyramid contains a level that does involve the need to accomplish certain goals and dreams in order to have a self-esteem (Burger, 2007).

Biological Factors

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